Amritsar India
Amritsar
About Amritsar India Tourism
Amritsar Tourism About Amritsar
Amritsar History Amritsar History
Amritsar Temples How To Reach
Golden Temple
Amritsar Golden Temple Tour
Amritsar Golden Temple Golden Temple
Gurdwaras of Amritsar Golden Temple History
Amritsar Museums Live Kirtan
Jallianwala Bagh
Jallianwala Bagh Amritsar Punjab
Amritsar Gates Jallianwala Bagh
Amritsar Foods Jallianwala Bagh History
Amritsar Kulcha Jallianwala Bagh Videos
Durgiana Mandir
Durgiana Mandir Amritsar
Amritsar Festivals Durgiana Mandir
Amritsar Fun Destinations Durgiana Mandir History
Hotels in Amritsar Bada Hanuman Mandir
Wagah Border
Wagah Border Parade
Amritsar India About Wagah
Amritsar India Wagah Border History
India Amritsar Wagah Border Ceremony
Book Cars in Amritsar
India Amritsar
Amrisar
Amritsar Amritsar Map
Travels in Amritsar Amritsar Weather
 
Golden Temple
Museums Amritsar Golden Temple Langar
Car Rental Around Golden Temple
Fun Destinations Golden Temple Videos
 
Temples in Amritsar
Travel Destinations Durgiana Temple
Amritsar Weather Bada Hanuman Mandir
Amritsar Gates Lal Devi Mandir
 
Gurdwars in Amritsar
Amritsar Golden Temple
temples in amritsar Shaheed Ganj Sahib
tourism in amritsar Santokhsar Sahib
 
Amritsar Hotels
amritsar cuisine Hotels Near Golden Temple
amritsar destinations Hotels Near Airport
markets in amritsar Boook Hotels
 
Fun Destiantions
fun destinations Suncity
travels in amritsar Balle Bowl
car rental Rainbow Resorts
 
Fairs & Festivals
Hotel Bookings Amritsar Diwali
Travel amritsar Basant Panchami
amritsar resorts Ram Tirath
amritsar food Langoor Fair
shopping in amritsar
Golden Temple History

The Sri Harmandir Sahib was invaded and destroyed many a times by the Afghan and other invaders. Each and every time the Sikhs had to sacrifice their lives in order to liberate it and restore its sanctity. After the martyrdom of Bhai Mani Singh ji in 1737, Massa Ranghar, the Kotwal of Amritsar took charge of Sri Harmandir Sahib in 1740 and converted it into a civil court and began to hold notch parties. This act created great resentment among the Sikhs. Two warriors, Sukha Singh and Mahtab Singh avenged the insult by a dare devil act. They entered the temple complex in guise of peasants, severed the head of Massa Ranghar with a single blow of kirpan and fled away with decapitated head on one of the their spears. After this incident the security around the Sri Harmandir Sahib was further tightened and the temple was locked.



Now, it was the turn of Lakhpat Rai, a Hindu Diwan of Lahore Darbar as he vowed to finish the entire Sikh Nation. In order to avenge the death of his brother Jaspat Rai, he befouled the Sarovar and desecrated Sri Harmandir Sahib in 1746. He even banned the name 'Guru'. The Mughal forces marched against the Sikhs under the command of Diwan Lakhpat Rai and Yahiya Khan. A fierce battle was fought( the first Ghalughara in june 1746) in which nearly seven thousand Sikhs were martyred. Three thousand of them were put to death publicly at Lahore, (the site is now called Shaheedganj).

After this hollowcast, the Sikhs under the efficient leadership of Sardar Jassa Singh Ahluwalia retaliated back and recaptured both the city and Sri Harmandir Sahib killing Salabat Khan in March, 1748. They celebrated Vaiskhi with great enthusiasm by clearing the holy Sarovar and restoring the daily Maryada at Sri Harmandir Sahib. They also held 'Sarbat Khalsa'. The Dewali festival of 1748 was also celebrated enthusiastically.

In 1757, Ahmad Shah Abdali invaded India for the second time and attacked Amritsar. He demolished Sri Harmandir Sahib and filled the Sarovar (tank) with garbage. On hearing of the desecration, Baba deep Singh ji Saheed, the head of 'Misl Shaheedan', started at once to avenge the insult. A bloody encounter took place at the village Gohalwar near Amritsar. Baba Deep Singh was mortally wounded. He gripped and supported his severed head with his left hand and with the right, he went on mowing down the enemies. Thus fighting, this unique warrior reached the holy precincts and laid down his life for the cause of maintaining sanctity of Sri Harmandir Sahib.



On 10th April, 1762, Ahmed Shah Abdali again invaded Amritsar and Sri Harmandir Sahib, after the horrible carnage of the Sikhs at Kup Harira. On this occasion thousands of armed and unarmed Sikhs had gathered at the temple for a holy bath. Countless Sikhs laid down their lives in defense of their beloved shrine. Sri Harmandir Sahib was again blown up with gun powder and the holy tank was also desecrated. It is said that while the building of the shrine was being blown up, a flying brick bat struck the Shah on the nose. This wound proved fatal for him.

In December, 1764, Sri Harmandir Sahib was again attacked by Ahmed Shah Abdali with the sole object of destroying the entire Sikh Nation. But before his arrival the Sikhs abandoned the city and to his surprise he found only thirty Sikhs in the vicinity of Sri Harmandir Sahib, who under the command of Baba Gurbax Singh ji gave him stiff resistance and all were martyred. Abdali, again pulled down the newly constructed structure of the Shrine and leveled the holy tank.



Before the final departure from India in 1767, Ahmed Shah Abdali again attacked Amrtisar but he dared not enter Sri Harmandir Sahib, and it remained under the control of the Sikhs ever afterwards. (In June, 1984 it was attacked by the Indian Army, under operation Blue Star in which several hundred innocent Sikh pilgrims were killed).

After the Martydom of Bhai Mani Singh ji Sri Harmandir Sahib was collectively managed by the Sikh misls and many Bungas( Mansions) were constructed. Whenever the Sikh leaders visit Amritsar, they did not interfere in the affairs of the temple. All the general gatherings were held on Akal Takhat Sahib only in the presence of Guru Granth Sahib. During the rule of Maharaja Ranjit Singh the administration of Sri Harmandir Sahib went under the control of the State. Maharaja took keen interest in the development and beautification of Sri Harmandir Sahib.

During the British period, Sri Harmandir Sahib passed under the control of one man the 'Sarbrah' (Manager), a nominee of Deputy Commissioner of Amritsar. The Deputy commissioner of Amritsar also made a committee of so-called sikh Sardars and Raises. The Pujaries, Mahants, Ragis and other functionaries began to receive their customary share of offerings at the Temple. On the other hand immoral acts were practiced by them within the precincts of the temple with the connivance of Sarbrah. Great resentment prevailed among the Sikhs and outcome of this was Sikh Gurdwara Reform Movement. Now again the Sikhs had to sacrifice their lives for the cause of Sri Harmandir Sahib and other Shrines. The Shiromani Akali Dal became the spear head of the struggle for the reform of the places of worship.

The curtain was finally rung down upon the Gurdwara Reform Movement, when the Sikh Gurdwara Act, 1925, vested the control and management of Sri Harmandir Sahib in the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee, a representative body of the Sikhs elected by adult franchise.



Amritsar Cuisine
  Amritsari Kulcha
  Amritsari Lassi
  Amritsari Restaurants
  Amritsari Dhabas
 
Amritsar Museums
  Maharaja Ranjith Singh
  Central Sikh Museum
 
Amritsar Airport
  Raja Sansi Airport
 
Book Hotels/Flight
  Book Flight
  Book Hotels
 
Education In Amritsar
  GNDU
  Khalsa College
 
Gardens in Amritsar
  Jallianwala Bagh
  Ram Bagh
  Gol Bagh
 
Sponsors
3G in India
Book Cars in Amritsar
Amritsar Gurdwaras
Amritsar Temples

Gates of Amritsar

Amritsar News
Amritsar Photos
Malls in Amritsar
Amritsar Cuisine
Amritsar Cinemas
Amritsar Hospitals
Around Amritsar
Education in Amritsar
Car Rental

Shopping in Amritsar
Travel Tips
Helpline Telephones
Punjab Naatshala
Bus Stand
Railway Station

The information contained on this website may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed without the prior written authority of © 2011. All Rights Reserved.
Follow us on FacebboktwitterMyspaceYoutube